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Used Oil

Determining Used Oil Classification

In order to decide whether you have a used oil, you must determine whether anything else is in your oil. Used oil is any oil that has been refined from crude oil, or any synthetic oil, that has been used and as a result of such use is contaminated by physical impurities and no longer usable for its intended purpose. If your oil is contaminated with other chemicals or other waste, it may not meet the requirements of used oil and instead may be another type of waste. When managed properly, used oil is recyclable and easily managed by WVU EHS. If contaminated, the resultant waste can cause many non-compliance issues for you and your department. 

Used oil includes the following: 

A. Motor Oil
B. Synthetic Oil  
C. Compressor Oil 
D. Hydraulic Fluid Oil  
E. Gear Oil  
F. Heating Oil  
G. Cutting or Machining Oil  
H. Diesel  
I. Kerosene  
J. Transmission Fluid  
K. Pump Oil  
L. Mineral Oil  
M. Power Steering Fluid

Accumulation of Used Oil

Used oil must be placed into a sealed container and labeled as described below. Containers must be in good condition and free of excessive rust, dents, or structural deformities. If possible, secondary containment should be utilized to catch any spillage or drips around the collection container. Any spills of used oil, including into secondary containment, must be cleaned up immediately. 

Rags or absorbents containing Used Oil must also be placed into sealed containers and labeled as described below. If your area has rag laundering service, follow the procedures setup when you service was started. Only the provided rags are acceptable for this service. Any other rags or absorbents must be collected separately. 

Do Not Add / Mix With Used Oil

The following Can Not be added to Used Oil: 

A. Gasoline
B. Chlorinated Solvents
C. Parts Waster Solvents
D. Carburetor / Brake Cleaner
E. Aerosol Products
F. Solids or Heavy Grease
G. Antifreeze / Glycols
H. Windshield Washer Fluids
I. Water
J. Any Hazardous Wastes

Identification and Labeling

Used oil must be labeled as “ Used Oil.” Do Not Label as “Waste” or “Hazardous Waste” as this is a violation of 40 CFR 279.22 (c)(1). If hazardous materials have been added to the used oil, the waste could be classified as hazardous waste and subject to those more extensive regulations. 

Proper Disposal Process for Used Oil 

A. To dispose of Used Oil, complete the Chemical and Hazardous Waste Disposal Form. Instructions are provided. 
     Note: Facilities and Services Employees – Used Oil collection is at Roads and Grounds in the Used Oil tank, as well as,   
     some sites have drums specifically setup for Used Oil. 
B. Upon receiving the request form, EHS will schedule a pickup of the used oil. 
C. Incorrectly labeled containers may not be accepted for disposal without additional information. 
D. Container must always be securely closed to prevent any leaks during handling. 
E. During pickup, containers may not be removed if above conditions are not met or additional hazards exist. 
F.  All offsite shipments shall be managed by EHS, unless prior, written authorization has been obtained. Employees initiating       shipments must mail all original documentation to EHS, PO Box 6551, Morgantown, WV 26506-6551. 
G. Used Oil shall never be given to anyone outside of WVU for fuels blending, use, reuse, heating, or any other purpose.